What are Eye/Ocular Allergies?

Eye allergies are one of the most common conditions that affect the eye’s surface. If you are allergic to a particular substance and you come into contact with it, you will likely experience a reaction. Eye Allergies typically affect the conjunctiva (the clear layer of skin on the outer surface of the eye). Interestingly, the lining of our nose has the same type of skin. This is the reason that these types of allergic reactions typically affect both the nose and the eyes, resulting in itching and sneezing.

What causes Eye/Ocular Allergies?

The types of common allergens that cause reactions are:

  • Pollen
  • Grass
  • Weeds
  • Mold
  • Dust
  • Pet Dander
  • Cosmetics
  • Drugs
  • Preservatives

Symptoms of Eye/Ocular Allergies

Anything you are allergic to can cause a reaction in the eye. Common symptoms of Eye Allergies include:

  • Red, swollen or itchy eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Tearing
  • Sneezing and coughing
  • Itchy nose, mouth or throat
  • Headache from sinus congestion
  • Burning in the eyes
  • Mucous production around the eyes
  • You may also feel fatigued and could suffer from lack of sleep.

How are Eye/Ocular Allergies treated?

If you suffer from Eye Allergies and know what you are allergic to, the “best treatment” is to avoid them. If you are not sure what is causing your Eye Allergies, or are in a situation where you cannot avoid them, you should seek treatment form an ophthalmologist or optometrist. They can help diagnose, monitor and provide relief. There are also a variety of medications with different ingredients that can help alleviate your symptoms.